Sync and header

In a world where your cellphone doesn't even last an entire day of regular use, the pager is rather special. Using a very nice time-division scheme, FLEX network operators can decide

to have pagers listen for pulses on the radio channel for only a very short while. This has a positive effect on battery life. FLEX effectively divides a period of 4 minutes up into 128 frames of 1.875 seconds. Depending on 'System Frame ID Collapse' , the network instructs the pager to only listen to one of the 128 frames, or every X frames. Listening once every 4 minutes has a pretty dramatic effect on battery life, where batteries may last for months without replacing.

Of course, this requires the base station to postpone transmissions until the pager shall be listening. Worst case, you'll get a 4 minute delay in message reception

Every 1.875s long frame consists of a 3-part header and 11 datablocks.

First part of the header is 112 bits long.

Then, a 32-bit Frame Information Word is transmitted. This contains the following information:

| x0 | x1 | x2 | x3 | c0 | c1 | c2 | c3 | f0 | f1 | f2 | f3 | f4 | f5 | f6 | n | r | t0 | t1 | t2 | t3 | 10 bit CRC | parity |

The third part is sent in the bitrate and FSK level as indicated by block A, for 1600 baud / 2-level FSK:

The patent has a pretty nice drawing explaining the sync-header